Tiyung Dayak – “The Sour Dayak Apple” in Bidayuh Politics

For the Greater Glory of Bidayuh Politics

Self-sufficiency…?! Uhmmmph!


What can you tell from the above image?


Yup; there are two contradictory opinions by two great men (in history) on quest for knowledge! Well, I’m guessing that Tesla was right and Edison was wrong.


How could someone, with no background training in a certain field but then, it turn out that s/he has a pretty good knowledge about it?!


The best answer is ENTHUSIASM (or passion)! And of course, we need brains (and what nots) for that! So, I’m sorry for you, Mr. Edison! Have a try again!


I’m sure that you’ve heard the saying, “… rocket scientist …”, right!? It’s true, but then, we need to think (hard) to find the solutions… That’s why; the “trials and errors” are needed most in perfecting whatever thing that we might get involve in.


Just to make it a bit longer, so please bear with me: I took science stream long time ago; unfortunately, I couldn’t afford to be an electrical or mechanical engineer! But then, I do have passion in relearning the basics! And it’s good to refresh my rusty knowledge in Physics, etc. I only got average grades in secondary school Physics and Biology but was flopped in Calculus and Chemistry! That’s why my (previous) dream of becoming a helicopter pilot (Ooooo…) was hampered too because of this! It’s not a big deal though, as I also have others dreams. But still, I do have passion for aviation, even though I’ve never board a helicopter before!


Anyway, thanks to the internet; now I can browse and search for the “lost world” that I’ve missed! Just in case if your kids ask you for help in solving maths problems (and you do have rusty knowledge just as mine), then the help desk is here! Anyway, the keywords here are “diligent” and “self-taught”…


Do you think that “instant” engineering graduates have the hands-on skills in welding, wiring, operating machinery, etc.? Uhmmmph… I think the vocational-trained people are more likely to be the experts as compared to them! Ooops; another stereotype statement, uh?!


By the way, here comes an acronym for that – B.E.S.I., which stands for Brain(s), Enthusiasm (or passion), Skills (or talents) and Initiative(s)! I can say that passion comes first whenever we experience it; we are going to use our brains on how to do it (pre- and post-planning, etc.); we need some skills (or gifted talents) to perform it and finally, we have to initiate it by pooling manpower, seed grant, etc.! Yup; “silly ideas work” – as they say! Or, experiencing hardship will force us to think hard to alleviate the problem(s)…


Recently, I’ve been hunting for information on how to do micro hydro power generation (MHPG) to generate self-sufficient-renewable-24/7-cheap energy for my future farm house. And with the internet, it’s Voila! Unlike the ye-olde days, now I could find tonnes of it – electronic files, videos – you name it! And I’ve saved all those files for my future reference. If you are interested, see the compiled, selected links below:


The e-files on MHPG:

  1. Small Hydro Power Handbook – Chapter 1 (http://www.smallhydropower.com/manual3.htm)
  2. Guide on How to Develop a Small Hydropower Plant (http://www.esha.be/fileadmin/esha_files/documents/publications/publications/Part_1_Guide_on_how_to_develop_a_small_hydropower_plant-_Final.pdf)
  3. Morehead Valley Hydro, Inc. (http://www.smallhydropower.com/more.html)
  4. Layman’s Guide on How to Develop a Small Hydro Site (http://www.microhydropower.net/download/layman2.pdf)
  5. Canadian Small Hydropower Handbook: British Columbia Region – Chapters 1, 2 and 3 (http://www.smallhydropower.com/book/CHAPTER1-2-3.pdf)
  6. Canadian Small Hydropower Handbook: British Columbia Region – Chapter 4 – Part I (http://www.smallhydropower.com/book/CHAPTER4a.pdf)
  7. Canadian Small Hydropower Handbook: British Columbia Region – Chapter 4 – Part II (http://www.smallhydropower.com/book/CHAPTER4b.pdf)
  8. Canadian Small Hydropower Handbook: British Columbia Region – Chapter 4 – Part III (http://www.smallhydropower.com/book/CHAPTER4c.pdf)
  9. Canadian Small Hydropower Handbook: British Columbia Region – Chapters 5 – 10 (http://www.smallhydropower.com/book/CHAPTER5-6-7-8-9-10.pdf)

10.  Water Power (http://www.otherpower.com/otherpower_hydro.html)

11.  Microhydro Electricity Basics (http://homepower.com/basics/hydro/)

12.  Homebrew Hydro Electric – Part I (http://www.otherpower.com/scotthydro1.html)

13.  Homebrew Hydro Electric – Part II (http://www.otherpower.com/scotthydro2.html)

14.  Micro Hydro Generator – Water Baby (http://www.judyofthewoods.net/hydro.html)

15.  Wooden Low-RPM Alternator (http://www.otherpower.com/pmg2.html)

16.  Motors and Generators (http://www.6pie.com/coilsandmagneticflux.php)

17.  Ask the Renewable Energy Guru (http://energyindependence-rob.blogspot.com/)

18.  And many more!


Additional e-files on wind power generation (WPG):

  1. Windfarm – Part I – look for the materials that were been used! (http://www.otherpower.com/windfarm1.html)
  2. Windfarm – Part II (http://www.otherpower.com/windfarm2.html)
  3. Construction of a 10’ Diameter Wind Turbine – Part I (http://www.otherpower.com/trips1.html)
  4. Construction of a 10’ Diameter Wind Turbine – Part II (http://www.otherpower.com/trips2.html)
  5. Alternator and Generator Comparison for Wind Power (http://www.otherpower.com/otherpower_wind_alternators.html)
  6. Scoraig Wind Electric (http://www.scoraigwind.com/; the blog at http://scoraigwind.co.uk/)


The Youtube videos on MHPG:

  1. Micro Hydro (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcycDAJc858)
  2. Micro-hydro Electric Power – Energy Alternatives (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8Iq0b2jwyw)
  3. Micro-turbine from Scrap (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OC1_dqpI_7A)
  4. Micro Hydro Project Video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eF_4M6fiVEM)
  5. How to Make an Engine/Alternator Generator – 1/2: Finding Parts (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DvqL–T2Dpg)
  6. How to Make an Engine/Alternator Generator – 2/2: Putting it Together (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MQiLKdv67FE)
  7. Find it all – here!


I might team up with talented people one day to achieve that dream; God willing… How about you, guys?!


Yup!; sceptics would dismiss this as “nonsense and beyond reach”. Well, the main concept to conceive such a silly idea is “Do It Yourself (DIY)”. Literature is abounding; read it here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here and here and watch it here, here and here.


—————————– End of Part I —————————–


As a continuation to Part I, there are few successful, similar projects done in Sarawak (read it here, here, and here). I read about it once that the Brits built the earliest MHPG somewhere in the Miri region. Unfortunately, I couldn’t find its copy online! It would be of great help if any reader out there might know about it and willing to share the “material evidence”.


As a token, I’m going to show you some photos on MHPG, taken by my colleague – Apai Dom – during his working visit to Bario and the Kelabit Highlands on January 11 and 13, 2010. A brief information on Ba’ Kelalan is also an interesting reading piece!


Bario (3˚ 45’ 00.36” N, 115˚ 26’ 59.68” E), as seen at an eye altitude of about 15.91 km above ground and located at about 1,083 m above sea level.


So, do enjoy the rest of the show by reading the following “photo essay”, folks!


Photos on MHPG at Pa’ Ukat, Bario (January 11, 2010)


A very simple and low cost water reservoir that is located uphill, where the creek is been crossed using wooden planks, small logs and dirt (or soil). Shown in the photo above is the project owner (wearing a safety helmet), who gave an on-site briefing to his visitors. Well, that ye-olde guy (the project owner) reminds me of Henry Enrique “Erik” Estrada in “CHiPs” serial drama...


The second, downhill reservoir that collects water from the first reservoir. Here we can see the installed distribution and overflow pipes.

A very simple power house, with water from the reservoirs feeding a water wheel to drive the generator (or dynamo). The electricity that is being produced is adequate for single farm house consumption. The discharged water (tailrace) is then “recycled” into a fish pond! Pretty impressive, isn’t it!?

Another different method for the equipment setup! Well, you can see the difference once you have download (and watch) the above linked Youtube videos!

The front view of a simple, iron made water wheel, which is used to drive the generator to produce electricity. The water wheel is enclosed in a separate metal box to prevent water splash from entering into the generator. Actually, water wheel is inefficient as compared to Pelton wheel. Why? Well, you do know where to look for that information, right!?

Yup; the kinetic energy from the water wheel is then conveyed via a conveyor belt to drive the generator, which will induce electro-magnetic to fuse and produce electricity. Actually, part of that equipment can be manufactured from recyclable scrap metals (see some of the reference lists given above)...



Photos on MHPG at Bario Asal/Arur Layun (January 13, 2010)


The small stream that feeds the power house to produce electricity for the whole of Bario Asal. Its origin is from Pulong Tau range. Yup; who say that (clean and crystal clear) water isn’t vital for our daily life?

This weir is part of the rural electrification project (REP) that was originally built using government grant – amounting to RM17 million – for water supply and power generation for the whole area of Bario Asal. A RM17 million project?, as some of you “might have jump” from your seat! Well, the obvious reason was that it was (and is) hard to bring heavy equipment and other construction materials to reach Bario (Asal), as it is located high up in the mountain (as can be seen from the above Google Earth imagery).


Part of the “RM17 Million Water Gate Scandal”... It is still operational, though!

The general view of the water gate...

The dilapidated, unused equipment – part of the “Water Gate” scandal! What a waste of tax payers’ money! Well, it reminds me of some of the photos that I’ve seen on post-Soviet era’s dilapidated equipment (see englishrussia.com).

The massive and long metal pipe to distribute water to the power house. At a glance, it looks like Bario Asal is producing and exporting liquefied natural gas to nowhere... Ooops!

The nice looking power house! It’s a “pre-fabricated” house, I guess! Most of the materials used are of metal – the roof, the wall, and the frame! Yup; it’s pretty nice but not simple to construct!

Back to the power house again! The micro hydro power project was finally revived in January 2009 by the NGOs, both federal and state governments & the kampong folks. Apai Dom has told me that each household had contributed RM1K for the project revival! Part of the previous, RM17 million grants was already gone to waste!

The general view of the vital equipment – a set of water-driven dynamo that produces electricity for the whole of Bario Asal.

The electricity is generated as shown by three different light indicators on that main switch box; excess water (tailrace) is then “recycled” to irrigate the paddy field(s).

A close-up view of the dynamo that is driven by kinetic energy of water power to produce electricity!

One of the transmission poles that help in “illuminating” the whole Bario Asal.

The vast paddy field(s) at Bario Asal, waiting to be harvested (as at January 2010). Well, it seems that “the harvest is rich, but the laborers are few”... By the way, do take note that the Bario rice grains that you purchased, cooked and ate (if any) are produced – partly with the help of the above mentioned micro hydro power mill!


About the initial cost of RM17 million spent for Bario Asal MHPG; well, this is not a made-up story – it can be read here (and somewhere else)!


Should you need more information on how to develop MHPG for your kampong(s), try to contact PACOS or direct your queries to this guy. He’s the guy who has been involved in reviving Bario Asal MHPG in early January 2009 (photos) and his name too had been mentioned in here!


Psssttt!!! Hear ye, hear ye, please!

This is another good recommendation: Your current ADUN(s) and/or MP(s) might not be of great help in any of the proposed MHPG future project (except for the soft-launching (or opening) ceremony – if any!), as there’s zero income to be made from such small project(s)…


So, B.E.S.I., anyone?!




November 4, 2010 - Posted by | 03 Miscellaneous, 04 Money Talk, 06 Product(s) Promotion, 09 Sarawak Politics


  1. FYI: I got exciting information from another website about Tesla’ssecret generator blueprint” that will produce “free” electricity! Unfortunately, you have to subscribe to view that “leaked” blueprint, lah!

    Anyway, in that “news flashwebsite, it includes a flash video (including other video links) on the DIY device to generate electricity.

    Comment by tiyungdayak | November 4, 2010 | Reply

  2. Yup; more photos on Borneo MHPG from SEACOLOGY!

    Comment by tiyungdayak | November 4, 2010 | Reply

  3. Another textbook on wind power generation, published by Singapore-based World Scientific!

    Comment by tiyungdayak | November 8, 2010 | Reply

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